I spent a large portion of both pre-algebra classes going over the importance of showing work. These kids are so capable and every time they make a mistake, they convince themselves that they are stupid. I constantly hear myself saying "Making mistakes is not a problem. Quitting is."
Then, I stole an idea from the brilliant and creative Sarah Hagan who stole an idea from the brilliant and creative Kate Nowak who stole an idea from the brilliant and creative Someone But Couldn't Remember Who.
I put 10 single step equations on the board and had the students pick one at random. They wrote those equations on a piece of paper, crumbled it up and had a snowball fight for 15 seconds. They picked up a ball near them, solved the problem on it, showing their work and checking their answer. Then they crumbled them up again and had another snowball fight for 15 seconds. They picked up a ball near them, solved it themselves and graded the other person, scoring it from 0-4 depending on the answer and the amount of work shown. There were no names associated so no one could be embarrassed by their work or lack of work.
In the first class, this is where it ended. In the second class, I went around the room asking student what scores they gave and why.
Me: "What score did you give?"
Student: "I gave a 3 out of 4."
Me: "What made it a 3 instead of a 4?"
Student: "They got the right answer and showed their work, but they didn't check it."
After we went around the room, I told them that when they do homework or quizzes, they should be answering questions as though their classmates are going to see and score them. They should consider the things that we talked about in terms of feedback when deciding how much or little work to put on their own paper.
I seem to be having tremendous difficulty getting certain expectation across to my students. Specifically, I want them to answer the questions that I ask them and in their desire to show off what they think they know, they jump the gun and either give me a wrong answer very loudly, or give me the right answer before other students get a chance to even hear the question. It's VERY hard to give wait time when kids are yelling out answers. I am so pleased with their enthusiasm, but no matter how many times I explain it, I can't get them to understand that there are other people in the class.
When they DO put their hands up and I call on someone else, they take it as a personal insult and refuse participation for the rest of the class.
In addition to that, after giving my pre-algebra classes a 10 minute rant about the importance of showing your work, followed by asking them to put answers up on the board, 2 students out of 12 showed their work. I know it sucks writing down every step. Being pretty good at mental math and very lazy myself, I understand not wanting to write more than you have to. In most situations, if they can get the right answers, I don't care as much. The problem is that I can't see where they are making the mistakes and then when I ask them, they can't remember what they did. I don't want to give an entire assignment about showing work, but I may have to.
It's making me nuts.
I agree the snowball fight idea was brilliant. Could you take it a step further, give actual problems (with work that needs to be shown) but assign them numbers so they don't have to use their names and then let them grade each others' papers. Have the "graders" use their numbers to identify themselves also and then collect everything and see what you've got.ReplyDelete